German origins Project

Legend:   

BV=a German village near the Black Sea .  
FN= German family name.   
FSL= First Settlers’ List.   
GL= a locality in the Germanies.   
GS= one of the German states.  
ML= Marriage List.  
RN= the name of a researcher who has verified one or more German origins.  
UC= unconfirmed.   
VV= a German Volga village.

Names in bold are an entry or a cross-reference to an entry. 
Red text calls attention to information for which verification is completed or well underway.


Wim-Wzz              last updated January 2014

WimelbachGL, see Wimmelbach.

Wimlingrimbach(?)GL, is an unidentified locality which, according to the Frank FSL, was in the state of Erbach and was homeUC to a Heisel? family.

Wimmelbach/Wimelbach, BamburgGL: is some 13 miles SSE of the city of Bamburg, Bavaria and said by the Kamenka FSL to be homeUC to a Kerner/Kenaer/Kenner family.

WimmerFN: said by the Preuss FSL to be fromUC Weinheim, Kurpfalz.  Later spelled Winner.

Wimpfen: Said by EEE p.572 to be homeUC to Saam/Sam{J.Adam} who settled first in Denmark and then in Rosenheim FSL #56. Also see Bichwen?, Swabian Knights Circle.

Wimpfen [Imperial City]:: is 2 km NNW of Oberreisesheim and 6 miles NNW of Heilbronn. It was said by EEE p.341 to be homeUC to Bauer{J.Melchior} who settled first in Denmark and then in Shcherbakovka FSL #16 which said he was fromUC Obereisesheim?. 

Wimpfen(?)GL, Oesterreich: an unidentified place said by the Dobrinka FSL to be homeUC to a Schwend? family.  This may be Bad Wimpfen in Baden-Wuerttemberg, some 6 miles NW of Heilbronn city, but I am not aware of any lands held by Austria near Heilbronn.

Winckler{Anthon Christian Gottfried}: baptized 4 April 1766 in Luebeck, the twin son of {Georg} and his wife Hummel{Anna} (Mai&Marquardt#1283). 

Winckler{Georg}: husband of Hummel{Anna} and father of the twins Winckler{Anthon Christian Gottfried} and {Sophia Elisabeth} who were baptized 4 April 1766 in Luebeck  (Mai&Marquardt#1283).  Not found in Kulberg, KS, T, published FSL, or Mai1798.

Winckler{Sophia Elisabeth}: baptized 4 April 1766 in Luebeck, the twin daughter of {Georg} and his wife Hummel{Anna} (Mai&Marquardt#1283).

WinckelmannFN see Winkelmann.

WindFN: said by the Brabander FSL to be fromUC Botersinks?, Blumenfeld.  I could not find this family in the 1798 Volga censuses.

Windeck, [Berg Duchy]: is 21 miles ENE of Bonn city and was said by the Reinwald FSL to be homeUC to a Berger{nameless} family and perhaps to Brunner and Reimer families.

Windecke?FN: said (no locality mentioned) by the Boregard FSL to be fromUC Rosslau.  Spelled Wiedecke in 1798 (Mai1798:Mv1152).

WindeckerFN: said by the Walter FSL to be fromUC Erenga, Isenburg.  The Buedingen ML says that this man married a Koch woman in 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#458).

WindemannFN: an orphan boy listed by the Boregard FSL in the Oper? household.  I could not find him in the 1798 Volga censuses.

WindemuthFN: said by the Kano FSL to be fromUC Weiden?, [Hessen-Kassel Landgraviate?] with Schaefer step-children in the household.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Nb08, Mv1151.

WindemuthFN: said by the Phillipsfeld FSL to be fromUC Weissenhasel, [Hessen-Kassel Landgraviate].  He married a Hilt woman in 1766 in Luebeck (Mai&Marquardt#176).  Her name was spelled Heldt in 1798 (Mai1798:Pp17).  For the rest of 1798 see Bs21, Hb02.

Winden, Nassau[-Usingen Principality]: is 10 km NW of Usingen town and was said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to Mueller{J.Friedrich}.

Winden(?)GL, Wittenberg: an unidentified place said by the Krasnoyar FSL to be homeUC to a Haar family.  Later spelled Haag.

WinderFN: see Winter.

Windesheim, Mittelpfalz: this was in Kurpfalz 3 miles N of Bad Kreutznach, and said by the Galka FSL to be homeUC to a Baum family.

Windhausen, Hessen-Darmstadt [Landgraviate]:  said by the Stephan FSL to be homeUC to  Bender and Greb families.

Windhausen, Hessen-Kassel [Landgraviate] [sic?]:  an unidentified place said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to a Nickel{J.Peter}family and possibly to a Raabe orphan boy.  I could not find a Windhausen in Hessen-Kassel, but there was one in Hessen-Darmstadt, 37 km ENE of Giessen city.  See the previous entry.

Windheim?GL: an unidentified place said by the Ober-Monjou FSL to be homeUC to a Heppner/Huebner/Hoepfner family.  There are five Windheims in Germany.

WindheimGL, Franken: an unidentified place said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be homeUC to Dorzweiler and Gipson? families.  Said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to Seibert{Martin}47.  There were two or three Windheims in the Franken areas of northern Bavaria.  Other sources and versions have spelled this Winkeim or Winkheim.  See also Weinheim.

WindholmFN{Anton}: married Gerber{Rosina} 28 May 1765 in Rosslau (Mai&Marquardt#832 and KS164).   By Oct 1766 this Windholz man had remarried and was said by the Graf FSL (#6) to be fromUC Regensburg; he then had Gerber{Anton Andreas} who was his first wife’s brother or nephew in his household (Graf FSL #6a).

WindholzFN: see Windholm.

Windigstein OstGL, Flck.: an unidentified place said by the Kamenka FSL to be homeUC to a Palaery/Palaeri? family.  This probably is Windigsteig, Austria, some 62 miles NW of Vienna.

Windhof GL: see Windsdorf.

WindorfGL, [Kur-]Bayern: is 31 miles WSW of Passau city, and said by the Brabander FSL to be homeUC to a Haas family and possibly to a Kaster family.

Windsdorf, Lothringen: an unidentified place said by the Hoelzel FSL to be homeUC to a Bontemps/Bontag/Bundan family. Might be Windhof, France some 6 miles SSE of Zweibruecken city.

Windsheim Imperial CityGS: this realm was centered on the city of that name, with territory mostly to the N of the city.

WingenGL, Weissenburg [Amt], Elsass: this town is some 5 miles W of Wissembourg city. Incorrectly said by the 1816 Neudorf census (#83) to be homeUC  to the Rohrbach family .   Proved by the GCRA as home to the Eckmann/Ettmann and  Frei/Frey families that went to Kassel and to the Gutmueller/Guthmueller family that settled in Neudorf.

WingertFN: see Wengert.

WinickFN: see Winike.

WinickeFN: see Winike.

WinikFN: see Winike.

Winike{Assmus}: KS:82 and nnn say this party of 5 fromUC Kakslausenburg(spelling?) in 1764 was sent on to the Saratov area as part of  the group of colonists transported under the command of  Captain Paykul and Cornet Rehbinder.  Said by the Holstein FSL (#16) to be fromUC Dreihof(?).  Other spellings are Winick, Winicke and Winik. 

Wininghausen: said by the Stephan FSL to be homeUC to Schaefer{Echard/Gebhardt} and {Johannes} families.  This most likely is Winninghausen 22 km WSW of Hannover city centre and was right at the border between Schaumburg County,  Hessen-Kassel Landgraviate and Calenberg Principality, Kurbraunschweig.

Winkclaus{J.Wilhelm}FN:  listed in the 1796  Pobochnaya agricultural.report #39 (mentioned in the 1798 No. 2791 Description of the colony.

WinkeimGL, Franken:  see Windheim..

WinkelausFN: see Winkelhausen.

WinkelhausenFN: said by the Ernestinendorf FSL to be fromUC Ruttershausen?.    Spelled Winkelaus in 1769 (Mai1798:Mv564 and maybe 1798 (Pb39?).  Bill Pickellhaupt found him and his wife in Rutersshausen parish records.

WinkelmannFN: said by the Belowescher Kolonien FSL to be fromUC Anspach (no locality mentioned) and to have married in Oranienbaum the widow Holdt(Gold?).

Winkelmann FN: said by the Susannental FSL to be fromUC Graz, [Oesterreich].  I could not locate them or any descendants in Mai1798.  Spelled Winckelmann in 1767 (T4762).

WinkelmannVV is the German name for SusannentalVV .

WinkelsternFN: said by the Reinwald FSL to be fromUC Stolberg-Gedern [County].  Spelled Winnestehr in 1798 (Mai1798:Rw53).

WinkerFN: said by the Louis FSL to be fromUC Wien, Oesterreich. In 1798 the family name may have been rendered Winkler (Mai1798:Mv1557)??

Winkheim GL, Franken: see Windheim. 

WinklerFN: said by the Preuss FSL to be fromUC Salgen, Bavaria.

Winkler/WincklerFN{J.Andreas}:  married Fischer {A.Rosina} 8 May 1766 in Rosslau (Mai&Marquardt#965).  This couple arrived in Russia 15 Sept 1766, he said to be from Erfurt (Kulberg5243).  KS164 mistakenly gives the year as 1765.  Later in 1766 this Winckler couple took transport in Oranienbaum for the Volga (T199-200).  By 12 May 1767 this Winkler couple with an infant daughter had settled at Warenburg FSL #80, he said to be fromUC Erfurt.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Wr43. 

Winkler{Dorothea E.}: married Beltsch{Peter Anton} in Rosslau on 6 April 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#903, KS120-21).  I could not find them in Kulberg, T, or in any published FSL.

WinklerFN: also see Winker.

WinnendenGL, Waiblingen Oberamt, Wuerttemberg: is some 5 miles NE of Waiblingen, Baden-Wuerttemberg, and was home to a Laemmle family that settled in Hoffnungstal leaving home in 1827. Proven as origin to the Froehlich family that went to Kassel. Incorrectly said by the 1816 Neudorf census (#25) to be homeUC  to the Siegle{Johannes} family that settled in Neudorf.  See the GCRA book for more.

WinnerFN: see Wimmer.

Winner?GL: an unidentified place said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to a Hening? family.  There is a small town in Belgium by this name.

WinnestehrFN: see Winkelstern.

WinnweilerGL: a town in Falkenstein County.

WinschuFN: said (no locality mentioned) by the Caesarsfeld FSL to be fromUC Rosslau.  I could not find this family in the 1798 Volga censuses.

Winsel{Peter}FN:  listed with his Weingaertner wife in the 1772 Pobochnaya first settlers’ list (pb19) with no origin mentioned ; no family member has been identified in Mai1798.

Winsel{Katharina E. FN:  listed in the 1772 Pobochnaya first settlers’ list as the wife of Straub{J.Heinrich} (pb20).

Wintelz?GL, Nassau: an unidentified place said by the Brabander FSL to be homeUC to a Meiser family.

WinterFN{Christian}: said by the Boaro FSL to be fromUC Kosswig, Brandenburg.  I did not identify his 1798 whereabouts.

WinterFN{Franz}: said by the Goebel FSL to be fromUC Oberroth, Kurmainz.  Later spelled Winder (Mai1798:Gb40, 42).

WinterFN: according to a Woehrd ML this woman of Aalen, Swabia married in 1766 a Lauchner man; he settled in Hoelzel (Mai&Marquardt#818). The Lauwe FSL said a Winter man was fromUC Eschach?, Olenburg?.

WinterFN{Johannes}: said by the Husaren FSL to be fromUC Aschaffenburg.  The 1798 Husaren census gives his wife's maiden name as Schmidt (Mai1798:Hn9).

WinterFN{Friederika Augusta}: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be the wife of Sachse{J.Gottlieb) and to be fromUC Anhalt-Zerbst (no locality mentioned).

WinterFN{Christian}: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be fromUC Frankfurt-am-Main (no other locality mentioned).

WinterFN{Melchior}: said by the Lauwe FSL to be fromUC Eschach?, Olenburg?.

WinterFN{Martin}: in 1798 at #13 in Mueller; according to their 1773 passport they were from Neuhaus, Gelnhausen Imperial City (File: sheet 30).

WinterFN: the 1798 Norka census gives this as the maiden name of the wife of an Isenburger Mueller (Mai1798:Nr87).

WinterFN{Hans Georg}: Lutheran, fromUC Baden-Durlach Margraviate, arrived at Flensburg in May 1761.  With wife {Eva M.} and 1 daughter, he deserted Denmark in July 1763 (EEE p.657). He was recorded as a godparent to a Stricker child in Luebeck in August 1764 (Mai&Marquardt#1338).  T11-14 records the transport of himself, his wife and two children from Oranienbaum to Saratov and reported that one of those two children died before arriving in Saratov.  By June 1765 they were settled in Shcherbakovka FSL (#3) which said he was fromUC Untermbach?.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Sv9, 10, 11, 22, 27 and 51. 

Winter{A.Rosina}: said by the 1798 census to be “from Stephan” (Mai1798:Ho25) but I could not locate her in any FSL.  For 1767 see T14.

WinterFN{Johannes}: said by the Straub FSL to be fromUC Nauheim, Nassau-Usingen [Principality], with Wollmann  step-sons in the household.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Sr30,10 and 6.

Winter{Andreas}FN: probable early settlers of Zuerich this family left in 1788 for the Caucasian Line (Mai1798:Mv3087).  I could not find any of them in any FSL or in Mai1798.

Winter{J.Georg}: was a godparent at the baptism in Luebeck on 18 August 1764 of a son of Stricker{J.Michael} and his Schmidt wife {A.Margretha Barbara} (Mai&Marquardt#1338).  Might be Kulberg3574.

WinterFN: this family name was found recorded in Schlitz marriage records 1762-67 and in Schotten parish records for many generations prior to 1767; see Flegel trip.

WinterFN: see also Wanter.

WinterbachGL: an unidentified place said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to a Haas family.

Winterbach, [Pfalz-]Zweibruecken [Duchy]: is 9 km NE of Zweibrecken city, 3 N of Stambach, and was said by the Schaefer FSL to be homeUC to Bauer{August},{Conrad} and {J.Peter} families and frau Herr.  It was here where, according to Brungard{Darell} says Artzer/Arzer{Philipp Anton}:  who went to Seewald married and where his children were born.

WinterbachGL, Schorndorf [Amt], Wuerttemberg: is some 2 miles W of Schorndorf city and might have been homeUC to Nuding{Christian} who sent to Glueckstal.  See the GCRA book for detail.

WinterbachGL, [Wuerttemberg Duchy?], Schwaben: said by the Jost FSL to be homeUC to a Kunz family.  This probably is 12 miles E of Stuttgart city.

WinterberGL: an unidentified place said by Gary Martens on the “Origins of the first settlers” page of the Schilling website to be the homeUC of the Essig family.  This might be Winterberg.

WinterbergGL: there were two places with this name.  In the mid 1760’s, one was in the Westphalia Duchy 39 km SE of Arnsberg city centre.  The other was in Minden Principality 13 km S of Minden city.  Today both are in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

WinterbergFN: see Winterburger?.

WinterbornGL: an unidentified place said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to a Wagner family.

WinterburgGL, Kurpfalz: said by the Bauer FSL to be homeUC to a Hohl family.  This probably is Winterburg, Rhineland-Palatinate, some 29 miles WSW of Mainz city.

Winterburger?FN: said by the Paulskaya FSL to be a young man in the Lehmann household. In 1798 the family name was spelled Winterberg (Mai1798:Mv2207).

Winterhaller{A.Elisabeth}: married Jordan{Johannes} 8 Sept 1766 in Luebeck (Mai&Marquardt#129).  KS137 has Winterhalter & 1765.   Said by the Boaro FSL #145 to be fromUC Hausdorf.  For 1798 (Mai1798: Mn20).

Winterhaller: go to Winterholder.

WinterhalterFN: see Jordan and Winterholder.

WinterhausenGL, Bavaria: is some 6 miles SE of Wuerzburg and was in the 1760’s a part of Hohenlohe County physically separated from the main body of the county.  In 1972 the Flegels found mention of the following families in 1762-67 Winterhausen church marriage records: Appold, Bender, Conrad, Duerbig, Duerr, Engel, Engelhard, Fasselman, Fell, Forckel, Forster, Fromm, Fuchs, Glier, Hahn, Hamm, Heinrich, Henning, Hess, Kaestner, Koch, Loblin, Lutz, Napert, Pfeiffer, Reichenbach, Richter, Scharger, Schilling, Schmidt, Schneider, Schreiner, Schwnkert, Senger, Seyboth, Sichart, Staudt, Unger, Weickert, Wiegner, and Zenckert.

WinterholderFN{Andreas}: said by the Boaro FSL #127 to be fromUC Herchenau.   A son of {J.Georg} fromUC Herchenau, he married in 1766 in Schlitz DamerFN{A.Katharina} ofUC Engelroth; Schulze said the place is now called Engelrod (Mai&Marquardt#744).  Not found in Kulberg, in T or in Mai1798.

Winterholder/Winterhalter/WinterhallerFN{Johannes}: married Winterhaller{A.Elisabeth} 16 June 1766 in Luebdeck (Mai&Marquardt#129).  .   Winterholder{Johannes} married 18 Aug 1766 in Schlitz Unkefug{A.Margaretha} (this source gives the parents of both parties); Schulze says the place is now known as Hoerganau  (Mai&Marquardt#745).  Said by the Boaro FSL #128 to be fromUC Herchenau. The name was also spelled Winterhalter in 1798 (Mai7198: Mn32). 

WintermeierFN{Conrad}: fromUC Dolzheim married Finck{E.Catharina}  in Friedberg 23 April 1766  (Mai&Marquardt#334).  On 18 June 1766 {Conrad & Catharina} had arrived in Russia, he said to be from Nassau (Kulberg928).  Not found in T.  By 12 May 1767 {Conrad & M.Kathaarina} had settled at Straub FSL #4, he said to be fromUC Dotzheim, Nassau[-Usingen Principality.  In  1798 he was still there and his wife’s name is given as Becht

Wintermeyer FN: aka Wintermeier.

WinterichFN: see Wittrich.

Wintersdorf, Sachsen[-Altenburg Duchy]: is 8 km NW of Altenburg town and was said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to Fleck and Roth{H.Balzar} families.

Wintersheim: said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to Seibert{Christoph}.  The only Wintersheim I can find is 11 km ENE of Alzey and was probably then in Kurpfalz.

Wintersheim, Kurpfalz: said by the Straub FSL to be homeUC to a Baecker{Nicolaus} family and perhaps to a single Schmidt{Daniel}.

Wintersheim, [Kur-]Pfalz: said by the Straub FSL to be homeUC to a Schwabenland family.

Wintersheim, Sachsen[sic?]: said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to a Reimer family.   I could find no Wintersheim in any land that belonged to any Sachsen state in the 1760s.

WintersteinGL: an unidentified place said by the Boaro FSL to be homeUC to a Schmidt family.  There is at least one Winterstein in Bavaria and one in Thueringen.

WinterwerberFN: according to a Luebeck ML this woman married a Kerl man in 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#101).  See Carl of Boregard.

WintzenheimGL: see Witzenheim and Winzenheim.

WinzenburgGL: said (no other place mentioned) by the Lauwe FSL to be homeUC to a Mauch family.  There is a Winzenburg, then in Hildesheim Bishopric, now Lower Saxony, some 15 miles S of Hildesheim city.  Another was in Oppeln Duchy and is now known as Wiecemierzyce, Poland, some 139 miles ENE of Prague.

WinzenhausenFN: said by the Stahl-am-Tarlyk FSL to be fromUC Brunstadt?, Muelhausen.  I could not find members of this family in  Mai1798.

WinzenheimGL, Alsace: Said by the Preuss FSL to be home to a Meier family.  Must be Wintzenheim either 21 miles N of Mulhouse, or 12 miles WNW of Strasbourg.

Winzerhausen?, Wuerttemberg[sic?]: said by the Schaefer FSL to be homeUC to frau Nagel.  Winzerhausen in the 1760s was part of a tiny private noble’s holding – he probably had an arrangement with the Wuerttemberg duke to handle things like passports.

WinzerhausenGL, Ludwigsburg [Amt], Wuerttemberg: is some 8.5 miles NNE of Ludwigsburg city, and was said, evidently mistakenly, by the 1816 Glueckstal census to be homeUC to the Kapp family.  This is the same place 50 years later.

WiplerFN: see von Wipler.

Wippenbach?, Hessen-Kassel(sic), actually Stolberg-Gedern County]: said by the Stahl-am-Tarlyk FSL to be homeUC to the Emerich family.  There definitely were Emmerichs just to the E in Bergheim parish – rak.

Wirbelau: said by the Recruiter Beauregard list to have been homeUC to the  Zahn{LudwigWilhelm} family (Lk19).  A Luebeck church record said this was in Darmstadt territory (Mai&Marquardt#290), while KS:165 said this may have been Wallau in the Taunus.  There is a Wirbelau 4.5 km SW of Weilberg city and was then in Nassau-Weilberg Principality.

Wirges, Kurmainz [sic]: said by the Dehler FSL to be homeUC to a Minor/Minder? family.  Kurmainz here surely is a mistake for Kurtrier.  Same place as the following entry.

WirgesGL, Kur Trier: is 11 miles NE of Koblenz city and 12 miles NW of Limburg-an-der-Lahn. Said by the Brabander FSL to be homeUC to two Haber{Johannes} and {Anna Maria} households. Said by the Preuss FSL to be home to a Becker family. 

Wirges, [Kur-]Trier: said by the Dehler FSL to be homeUC to a Gauersmann family.  Same place as the previous entry.

Wirlikrulbach(?)GL, is an unidentified locality which, according to the Frank FSL, was in the state of Erbach and was homeUC to a Flath family.  Gieg1 proved this origin was Muemling-Grumbach, Breuberg Condominium.

WirschweilerGL: see Weinichweler.

Wirsing{Elisabeth}: fromUC Marckhoebel married Braun{Conrad} in Buedingen on 4 April 1766   (Mai&Marquardt#475, KS123, 164).  KS164 says  that  Marckhoebel was in Hanau [County]. They arrived in Russia 10 Aug. 1766 (Kulberg4854).  Not found in T, or any published FSL, or Mai1798.

Wirsitz, Posen Province, Warsaw Duchy: is now Wyrzysk, Bydgoszcz, Poland and was 53 miles NNE of Poznan city. It was proven by the GCRA to be home to the Redmann/Rettmann, Teske{Christian}, and Wert/Wirt families that settled in Neudorf.

WirtFN: said by the Dehler FSL to be fromUC Wernborn, Kurmainz.

WirtFN: also see Wert.

WirthFN: said by the Bangert FSL to be fromUC Zuzenhausen, Kurpfalz.  Spelled Werth in 1798 (Mai1798:Bg5).

WirthFN: said by the Stumpp supplement to the Dietel FSL to be fromUC Waltenberg County (no locality indicated).  Dona Reeves-Marquardt found the birth records in Mettenheim, Wartenberg County church books.

WirthFN: said by the Jagodnaja Poljana FSL to be fromUC Nidda in the state of Hessen.

WirthFN: said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be fromUC Breitenbach. I could not find this family in the 1798 censuses.

Wirth{A.Elisabetha}: fromUC Reppenshain married Guenter{J.Heinrich} 8 July 1766 in Buedingen (Mai&Marquardt#731).  KS164 said she was from Rebgeshain near Lauterbach (now in Hesse).  When her husband arrived in Russia on 13 Sept 1766 he was accompanied by a wife named {A.Veronica} (Kulberg5580). 

WirthFN: this family name was found recorded in Schlitz marriage records 1762-1767; see Flegel trip.

WirthFN: also see Wert, Werth, Werz, Wuertz, and Wurtz.

Wirtheim, [Kurmainz]: is 6 km ENE of Gelnhausen, and said by the Grimm FSL to be homeUC (no locality mentioned) to a Axthelm family.  Said by the Recruiter Beauregard’s list to have been homeUC to the Ras?{Jacob}family (Lk 93).  They may have been Luzern first settlers.

WirtzFN: said by the Schuck FSL to be fromUC Shter(?), Briel/Breyell(?).  Later spelled Wertz.

Wis: see ter Wis.

Wischef(?)GL, Maehren [Margraviate]: an unidentified place said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be homeUC to a Richter family.  There was a Wischau, Moravia, now Vyskov, Czech Republic, 202 km SE of Prague.

Wiseritz(?)GL, BoehmenGL: said by the Boaro FSL to be homeUC to an Albutin? family.  There was a Weseritz, now Bezdruzice, Czech Republic.

WisgemannFN:  said by the Koehler FSL to be the maiden name of frau Macht.

Wisinheim? GL, Romenburg?: an unidentified place said by the Brabander FSL to be homeUC to a Schmidt{Anton} family.  There were places with names similar to Wisinheim in Leiningen County, Kurpfalz, and Elsass.

WismarGL:  this seaport city is 52 km E of Luebeck city and as late as 1789 was still the principal city in a small exclave of Sweden!

Wissbaden GL: aka Wiesbaden.

WissembourgGL, Alsace, some 20 miles W of Karlsruhe.  See Werzenburg.

WissmannFN: the maiden name of the widow Lauer who came to Bergdorf from Neckarzimmern, Mosbach [Amt], Wuerttemberg as proven by the GCRA using FHL 1,189,217.  See the GCRA book for detail.

Wissner: see Wiesner.

Wistein?, [Kur-]Mainz: an unidentified place said by the Schuck FSL to be homeUC to a Napp family. Pleve spelled this Wiestein in his first ttranslation.

Witebsk, Polen: nka Vitsyebsk, Ukraine, 58 miles SE of Polozk, and said by the Husaren FSL to be homeUC to Kamlowski/Kamlovski and Lankiewiez families.

WitenbekFN: see Wittenbeck.

WitmanFN: see Wittman.

WitnaFN: said by the Hoelzel FSL to be fromUC Fell, [Kur-]Trier, with his Busch wife and mother-in-law in the household. I could not find this family in the 1798 Volga censuses although Pleve said he found it under Vitois, I could not.

WittFN{Hans}: Lutheran fromUC Hennstadt in Norderdithmarschen he was assigned to a Danish German colony in July 1762 but did not show up there (EEE p.647).  By July 1766 he had settled in Bauer FSL #14 which said he was fromUC Kiel, Holstein.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Br43.

WittFN: said by the 1798 Lauwe census to be the maiden name of frau Buss, the former frau Wild (Mai1798:Lw18).

Witt?GL, Sipachisch?: an unidentified place said by the Dreispitz FSL to be homeUC to a Rupp family.

WittebergeGS: an unidentified country; see Lanz.

WittelshofenGL: is some 7 miles ESE of Duenkelsbuehl.  It is said by the Woehrd ML to be near Duenkelsbuehl  and to be homeUC to the Schnabel woman who in 1766 married a Lachert man; by 1767 this couple was in Boaro; Stumpp spells it Wittershofen (Mai&Marquardt#787).

WittenbeckFN: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be fromUC Eckersdorf, Bayreuth one with a Schrieber wife fromUC Brandenburg and the other with a Goetsch wife.  According to a Rosslau ML one of these Wettenbach men married in 1765 a Schreiber woman (Mai&Marquardt#877).  Also spelled Witenbek.

WittenbergGL: an unidentified place said by the Balzer FSL to be homeUC to a Kiselmann/Kisselmann family.  Said by the Boaro FSL to be homeUC to Hahn and Heidemann families.  Said by the Doenhof FSL to be homeUC to a Roeber family.  Said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to Hartmann, Lutz{J.Georg}, and Olgaten? families.  See the next several entries; in the FSLs, Wittenberg has sometimes been written for Wartenberg County or for Wuerttemberg

Wittenberg(sic.)GL, Kurpfalz: said by the Bauer FSL to be homeUC to a Reis? family.  A contemporary pastor says Reis and his Knobloch wife were in Mettenheim, Wartenberg [County], where they had a daughter confirmed in 1763 (Mai&Marquardt#1248).  So Wittenberg here should be read as Wartenberg.

WittenbergGL, [Kur]sachsen: a city now in Sachsen-Anhalt some 53 miles SW of Berlin, was where Martin Luther started the reformation; a former Duchy which in the 1760’s had been subsumed by Kursachsen.  Said by the Boaro FSL to be homeUC to a Hahn family.  Said by the Lauwe FSL to be homeUC to a Goeringen family, and possibly to a Schmidt family.  Said by the Orlovskaya FSL to be homeUC to a Nickelson family.  Said by the Rosenheim FSL to be homeUC Rosenheim{Carl Christian} and {F.Gotthelf} families.  Said by the Urbach FSL to be homeUC  to a Roeder family.

WittenbergGS: sometimes this should be read as Wartenberg, e.g. see MeisenheimGL, Wittenberg; sometimes it should be read as Wuerttemberg, e.g. see Waltenbuch, Wittenberg.  Except for the Galka FSL which uses it in a very odd way: most localities it mentions as being in an apparently fictional Wittenberg country were widely scattered in Kursachsen, and one was in an isolated piece of Kurpfalz 11 miles ESE of Darmstadt city – all seeminly unrelated and not near the city of Wittenburg, Kursachsen.

Wittenberg DuchyGS: a medieval duchy which in 1356 became Kursachsen.

WittenbergerFN: said by the Walter FSL to be fromUC Landauk, Frants.

WittenbornGL: an unidentified place said by the Paulskaya FSL to be homeUC to an Eif family.    Kuhlberg said this was in Hessen.  I do not find such a place but there was a Wittgenborn in Isenburg some 7 miles E of Buedingen city.

Wittendorf GL: an unidentified place said by the Bettinger FSL #4  to be homeUC to Danecker{J.Georg} and possibly to a Richter family.

Wittendorf, Freudenstadt [Amt], Wuerttemberg: is 4.5 miles SE of Freudenstadt city, and was proven by the GCRA to be home to the Eberhard/Eberhardt{Matthaeus,Friedrich,Georg} family that settled in Neudorf.

Wittenrot?GL: an unidentified place said by the Boregard FSL to be homeUC to a Wurst family.  This might have been Wickenrodt some 26 miles WSW of Bingen city.

Witterau: Kulberg138 said this was homeUC to Lange{Friedrich+w} Reformed .  Surely this really was Wetterau which was a geographical designation, not a political one.

WitterkerFN: see Wiederkehr.

Wittershausen, Horb [Amt], Wuerttemberg: is 9 miles SSW of Horb-am-Neckar, and was proven by the GCRA to be home to a Kammerer/Kamerer family that settled in Neudorf.

WittershofenGL: see Wittelshofen.

Wittgenborn?GL, [Isenburg County]: is 7 miles E of Buedingen city, and said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to a Koehler{Ludwig} family.  Kuhlberg said this was in Isenburg.

WittgenbornGL: also see Wittenborn.

Wittgenstein-Berelburg CountyGS: was a small country extending from near the headwaters of the Eder river to near the headwaters of the Lenne river on the southern edge of Westfalen Duchy.

Wittheft FN: said by the Schulz FSL to be fromUC Berlin, Preussen [Kingdom].  I could not find them in Mai1798.

Wittheft FN: the wife was said by the Schulz FSL to be fromUC Altenau, Daenemark [Kingdom].  I could not find her in Mai1798.

Wittich{K.Margareta}: born about 1799 in Neustatz (Peterwardein), Bataschka, Hungary married Gaup/Gaub/GauppFN{J.Friederich, son of J.Jakob} (Glueckstal Death Records 1859 in FHL 1884093/2). 

WittichFN{Philipp}:  listed in the Bergdorf 1858 census (KS:668) and in the Glueckstal 1816 census (KS:675), without origin, although KS:488 says they were fromUC Tuebingen, Wuerttemberg.  However, the GCRA found sources indicating that this family was in Zweibruecken, Pfalz in 1780, in Niedershausen, Oberlahnkreis [Amt], Hesse somewhat later, in Peterswardein/Petrovaradin, Neusatz (Novi Sad), Hungary in 1797, and in Hellefelde, Posen Province, Suedpreussen in 1801, all before ending up in in Bergdorf.  See the GCRA book for more detail.

WittigFN: said by the Paulskaya FSL to be fromUC Wachbach with Stein stepsons in the household.

Wittig{JoachimChristian}FN:  listed with his Oshevald wife  in the 1772 Pobochnaya first settlers’ list (pb2) with no origin mentioned ; for a daughter in 1795 see Mai1798:Mv2333; for 1798 see Mai1798:Pb26,18 and  Nr106.

WittkeFN: said by the Kratzke FSL to be fromUC Stralsund, Schwedisch Pommern.

WittlichGL, Kurtrier: said by the Mariental FSL to be homeUC to Dinkel, Kappes, and Martis families.  Same place as the next entry.

WittlichGL, Trier: is some 20 miles NE of Trier city, and said by the Volmer FSL to be homeUC to a Roskopf/Grosskopf? family.

WittmanFN: said by the Rohleder FSL to be fromUC Amberg.  Spelled Wittmann and maiden name of the wife given as Lederhos in 1798 (Mai1798:Rl19, Mt2).

WittmannFN: not found in an FSL but was in the 1775 Grimm census #163.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Gm8 and 25).

WittmannFN: said by the Herzog FSL to be fromUC Regensburg.

WittmannFN: said by the Holstein FSL to be fromUC Nelzinei(?), Darmstadt.  Later also spelled Wiedemann.

WittmannFN: said by the Kano FSL to be fromUC Reinberg.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Wm24.

WittmannFN: said by the Preuss FSL to be fromUC Hammerstein, Kurpfalz.

Wittmann/Wiedemann{Hans/ J. Georg}FN: son of  Wiedemann{J.Georg Sr.}, fromUC Kuernbach Condominum (a creature of Kuernbach, Hessen Darmstadt Landgraviate and Gueglingen Amt, Wuerttemberg), arrived at Flensburg, Schleswig Royal Duchy in June 1762.  With his Legeler wife {Catharina} and son, he reregistered in a Danish German colony as late as April 1765 (EEE p.645).  Not in Kulberg or in T. By July 1766 they were settled in Reinwald FSL #12 which said he was fromUC Killingen[sic?), Wuerttemberg [Duchy].  This family in 1768 went to Doenhof according to the Reinwald FSL, and  in Mai1798 they were living at Mai1798:Kt17 under the name Wittmann.

Wittmann/Widmann/Wiedmann{Wendell}FN: Lutheran from Spoeck, Baden-Durlach Margraviate, arrived at Schleswig city, Schleswig Royal Duchy in May 1761. By July 1766 they were settled in Reinwald FSL#37 which said he was fromUC  [Baden-]Durlach [Margraviate].  I could not find this family in the 1798 census index.

WittmannFN: said by the Schwed FSL to be fromUC Berlin, Preussen.  I could not find them or likely descendants in Mai1798.

WittmannFN: said by the 1798 Stahl-am-Tarlyk census to be the maiden name of frau Brunckhorst (Mai1798:St3).

WittmannFN: Frank Jacobs says Prof. Pleve says an [unnamed] FSL says such a family came fromUC Reischburg, Austria.

WittmannFN: also see Widmann and  Wittman.

WittmannVV (aka Solothurn, Solotoje): a Roman Catholic German colony founded in 1767, moved in 1770, on the eastern side of the Volga river not far from Rosenheim.  To the best of my knowledge no copy of its First Settlers’ List has been found and published.  Anyone learning of such a document, please let us know immediately.  However, we have origin information on a few of its first or nearly first settlers – this information is available  in “Kolonisten des Lokators Beauregard, die voruebergehend in anderen Kolonien angesiedelt wuerden” in pages 349-380 of Pleve, Einwanderung …, vol.4. The numbers in parens below indicate the position of a family in that list, identified in this Index as Lk.  In addition, we have names of some who probably were first settlers here because either other colonies said they moved in from Wittmann or they were living in Wittmann in 1798 – and in both cases I found no record saying they had moved to Zug from any other village, and they were not found in any printed FSL; in the list below such families are of unknown origin and have no number in parens following their name.  Placenames in italics are taken from Kuhlberg lists as printed in the Pleve books.

                from Arnweiler?: (Katzendorn{Matthias}132);

                from Basenstein?: (Katzendorn{Carl}123, and maybe Stock{Johannes}23a);

from Bassenheim [Barony?] Schumann{Heinrich}77);

from Burinos?: (Wellinger{J.Adam}69);

from Kerzenheim, [Nassau-Weilburg Principality]: (Mueller{J.Heinrich}107);

from [Kur-]Mainz: (Klein{Conrad}111);

from Orb, [Kurmainz]: (Bittel{Caspar}124);

from Pfaffenwiesbach, [Walbott Barony]: (Anfang{FranzAnton}106);

from Rebsdorf, [Isenburg-Birstein Principality]: (Boos{Caspar}126);

from Schuesselfeld?, Bamberg[sic]: (Gillich?{Erhardt}133;

from Wernborn, Bassenheim [Barony]: Dinges{Anton}108.

The following were listed in other colonies in 1798 but were said to have come from Wittmann and thus may represent Wittmann first settler families: Beidorf{Margaretha},  Engel{Konrad}, Goetz{Dorothy}, Stengel{Elisabeth};

These were listed in Wittmann in 1798 with no previous colony indicated, and thus may represent Wittmann first settler families:  Leindecker/Leidecker{Konrad}.

Wittmayer FN: said by KS:488 to have gone to Glueckstal; the GCRA thinks he may have come from Pforzheim, but does not confirm him in Glueckstal; see their book.

WittmerFN: arrived in South Russia in 1819; later settled in Gueldendorf, Odessa; family records found by Curt Renz in Eppinen, Eppingen Amt, Wuerttemberg.

Wittrich? FN: said by the Schoenchen FSL to be fromUC Nassau [Principality] no locality mentioned.  Spelled Winterich in 1798 (Mai1798:Sn21(the wife’s maiden name was given as Erhard)).

WittwaegerFN, see Wittwerger.

WittwaengerFN, see Wittwerger.

WittwergerFN said by the Frank FSL to be fromUC Aurach(?), Wuerttemberg.  Later spelled Wittwaenger. The Buedingen ML said the Wittwaeger man fromUC Auerach married a Leonhard woman fromUC Sprenglingen in 1766; later the couple moved to Frank (Mai&Marquardt#638).  Doris Evans says this man’s origins were confirmed in research done by Ruth Froelke for the Frank Research Fund: he was born 1743 in Sprendlingen.

WittziengenGL: an unidentified place said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to a Diener family.

Witzbarch(?)GL, is an unidentified locality which, according to the Frank FSL, was in the state of Erbach and was homeUC to an Olt family.

WitzelFN: this family name was found recorded inboth Schlitz and in Tann marriage records 1762-1767; see Flegel trip.

WitzenhausenFN: said by the 1798 Orlovskaya census to be the maiden name of frau Wagner (Mai1798:Or49).  This is the same place as the next entry.

Witzenhausen [Amt?], Hessen-Kassel Landgraviate: is 27 km E of Kassel city.  

WitzenheimGL: an unidentified place said by the Boregard FSL to be homeUC to an Auze family.  There was a Wintzenheim 21 miles N of Mulhouse, and one 12 miles WNW of Strasbourg, and a Winzenheim 1.5 miles N of Bad Kreuznach.

Witzler{A.Maria}: Brent Mai proved her home was  Rossdorf (bei Darmstadt) where she married Friedrich{J.Adam} and bore their children.  They later moved to Laub FSL (#14).  

WixlerFN: see Wikeler.

Wnikat?GL: an unidentified place said by the Boregard FSL to be homeUC to a Neumann family.

Wochern, Lothringen: an unidentified place said by the Hoelzel FSL to be homeUC to a Schmidt{Nikolaus} family.  It seems likely that this was Wochern which is some 14 miles SE of Luxembourg city and some 5 miles W of Merzig, Saarland.  However,  in a nearly contemporary map this place looks like it was 2 miles N of the Lothringen border situated so that it might have been in either a small Barony, in Kurtrier or in Luxembourg Duchy.

Woddow{Peter}RN: researches a variety of different German-Russian origins.

WodischalFN:  said by the Urbach FSL to be fromUC Prenzlau, [Kur-]Brandenburg.

WodischalFN: his wife was said by the Urbach FSL to be fromUC Berlin. 

Wodjanoi BujerakVV: a variation of the Russian name for  StephanVV.

Wodjanoy BuyarakVV:  a variation of the Russian name for  StephanVV:

WoehrdGL: is a neighborhood within Nuernberg, Bavaria where several colonists on their way to Russia married.  The ML is in Mai&Marquardt #765-830.

Woelfersheim: is 8 km NE of  Friedberg city.  KS124 says Daub{J.Jost} left here for Russia.  No date given and I have not found him in any published FSL.

WoelferlingenGL, [Wied-Runkel County]: is some 17 miles NE of Koblenz city, and said by the Orlovskaya FSL to be homeUC to a Kraemer family. Kuhlberg said this was in the state of Runkel.

Woelk{Katharina}FN: in 1798 she was said to have come from  Rosenheim  (Pl26) but I cannot find her in any FSL.

Woelkershain-bei-Remsfeld, [Hessen-Kassel Landgraviate]: an unidentified place said by the Phillipsfeld FSL to homeUC to a Schneider{Michael} family.  See Remsfeld.

Woelter: filed amongst the Walter folk.

WoerlitzGL: is now in Sachsen-Anhalt some 9 miles WSW of Wittenberg city, and said to be homeUC  to the Roenecke family that went to Boaro (Mai&Marquardt#1140).   ReinhardFN: said by the Boaro FSL to be fromUC Kumpelstadt(?).  Spelled Reinhardt in 1798 (Mai1798: Mn02).

Woerlitz GL, [Anhalt-]Dessau [Principality].   this surely is the same place as the previous entry.  Said by the Boaro FSL to be homeUC to Bauer family (a Woehrd ML says he was fromUC Geroldshofen (Mai&Marquardt#794)).  Said by the Orlovskaya FSL to be homeUC to a Konrad family.  A contemporary record said the solder, Conrad{Johannes}, left from here, but I have been unable to find him in any published FSL or in Mai1798.

Woerner FN: see Werner.

Woerth [Amt]GL, Elsass: is some 11 miles SW of Wissembourg city and was a District administrative center.

Woerth-am-MainGL, Bavaria: see Verg.

Woerth-am-MainGL, Mainz: is some 12 miles S of Aschaffenburg in Bavaria and said by the Pfeiffer FSL to be homeUC to a Degent? family.

WoeschbachGL, Baden-Durlach is 7.7 miles E of Karlsruhe and is said by the Roethling FSL to be homeUC to a Konrad family.

Woessingen?, Grafschaf Durlach [surely this is sic for Markgrafschaft Baden-Durlach]: said by the Rosenheim FSL to be homeUC to a (Hartmann{Gottfried} family.  This is the same place as the next entry, except 50 years earlier.

WoessingenGL, Karlsruhe [Amt], Wuerttemberg [Kingdom]: is some 10 miles E of Karlsruhe city and proven by the GCRA to be home to the Huft family which went to Bergdorf; see their book for more details.

Woewot? FN: said by the Schulz FSL to be fromUC Osterode, [Magdeburg Duchy], Preussen [Kingdom].  I could not find them in Mai1798.

Woewot?FN: the wife was said by the Schulz FSL to be fromUC Danzig [Free City].  I could not find her in Mai1798.

WogauFN: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be fromUC Kloster Leichtstaedte(?)/Leuchstadt, Warenburg/Ballenheim.

Wohlau: an unidentified place  said by Recruiter Beauregard’s list to have been homeUC to the Kern[Baltasar} family (Lk11).  There is one such place in Germany and two in what formerly were Prussian lands, now Poland.

WohlenderFN: said by the Grimm FSL to be fromUC Gerden(?) (no locality mentioned).

Wohlert FN: see Volert.

Wohlhauer FN: said by the Shcherbakovka FSL to be fromUC Saalburg.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Sv16 and 20.

WohlmannFN: see  Wollmann.

Wohlschleier?FN: said by the Anton FSL to be orphans fromUC Zweibruecken, Kurpfalz living with pastor J. Eckel [who is not listed in the FSL].  Spelled Wohlschleger in 1798 (Mai1798:An16) as well as Wohlschleier? (St10).

Wohlschleger: see Wohlschleier.

Wohnbach: is 11 km NNE of  Friedberg city.

Wohnfeld, [Hessen-Darmsstadt Landgraviate]: is 9 km ENE of Laubach city and was said by the Stephan FSL to be homeUC to Baecker/ {J.Conrad},  Stephan{Andreas} and Stuertz families.

WohnbachGL, [Solms-Hungen]:  where the father of the Trupp man who went to Frank died.

Wohnfeld: an unidentified place said by the Stephan FSL (#8) to be home to Mohr{Andreas} who was misnamed in the FSL as Stephan{Andreas}.

WoittFN: see Vogt, Voit and Wodt.

Wolet?FN: said by the Dreispitz FSL to be fromUC Hefnerhessel, Wittenberg.  In 1798 the family name was spelled Volet (Mai1798:Dr12).

Wolet FN: also see Volert.

WolfFN: said by the Bauer FSL to be fromUC Oberdorf(?), Elsass.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Br 31 and 2.

WolfFN{Konrad}: a widower said by Kuhlberg2609 and the Belowescher Kolonien FSL to be fromUC Isenburg (no locality or country indicated) who married a Bartholomaius woman.

Wolf FN {Elias}:  listed in the Bergdorf 1858 census (KS:667, 490) without origin.  Origin in Weinsberg, Heilbronn [Amt], Wuerttemberg was proven by the GCRA using FHL(1,346,065-6).  See the GCRA book for more details.

WolfFN{J.Gottfried & J.Christopf}: said by the Boaro FSL (#92) to be fromUC Schleiz,  [Kur-]Sachsen.  Using parish records, David F. Schmidt proved their births in Schleesen, Kursachsen.  I could not find this family in the 1798 Volga censuses.

WolfFN: a stepson listed by the Boregard FSL in the Risch household.

WolfFN: said by the Doenhof FSL to be fromUC Darmstadt (no locality mentioned).

Wolf{J.Fried.}: married in Glueckstal and origin in Unterlenningen, Kirchheim [Amt], Wuerttemberg was proven by GCRA using FHL 1,055,827; see their book for detail.

WolfFN: said by the Graf FSL to be fromUC Mannheim, Kurpfalz.

WolfFN: said by the Graf FSL to be fromUC Zindenfels, Kurpfalz.

WolfFN{Georg}: said by the Grimm FSL to be fromUC Isenburg (no locality or country mentioned).  Not listed in Kuhlberg.

Wolf/WulfFN{H.Daniel}: fromUC Hessen-Darmstadt Landgraviate, arrived at Flensburg, Schleswig Royal Duchy in June 1762.  With wife {Susanna Catharina} and 7 children, he applied for permission to leave Denmark in April 1765 and left for Russia. Before 1775 they had settled in Grimm (1775 census #44 & 86, son {J.Bernhard} in the former and son {J.Jacob} in the latter (EEE p.648).

WolfFN{Bernard, Jacob}: not found in an FSL but was in the 1775 Grimm census #44 and 86.  For 1798 see Mai1798:Gm77 and 19).

Wolf FN: said by the Hildman FSL to be the maiden name of frau Weiss.

Wolf FN: said by the Jost FSL to be fromUC either Hamburg or Homburg.

Wolf FN {Matthias/Friedrich}: listed in the Kassel 1816 (#1) census and in KS:490  without origin, but said by the Bergdorf 1858 census (#172) to have been from Schanbach, Esslingen [Amt], Wuerttemberg.  However, using FHL(756,807-9 and fiche#068,791-3) the GCRA proved the family’s origin in Rountzenheim, Roppenheim parish, Bischweiller [Amt], Elsass and their briefer stay in Sessenheim.  This family first settled in Kassel (KS:685) and later Bergdorf.

WolfFN: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be fromUC Statzbach(?), Wuerzburg with a Keifer wife fromUC Eisenheim.  In 1798 his wife is listed as a Fetzer (Mai1798:Ka65).

WolfFN:  said by the Koehler FSL to be the maiden name of frau Habicht.

Wolff{Eliesabetha Barbara}: fromUC Sellerod married Boecher{Anton} in Buedingen 11 April 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#521).  KS165 says she was fromUC Sellnrod near Schotten.   Not found in Kulberg or T.  By August 1767 they had settled in Kraft FSL #24.

WolfFN{Friedrich}:  said by the Kraft FSL to be fromUC Weiler, Isenburg.  The Buedingen ML says this Wolff man was fromUC Weiler-an-der-Nahe and married in 1766 a Paul woman (Mai&Marquardt#682).  Not listed in Kuhlberg.

WolfFN: said by the Kratzke FSL to be fromUC Stendal/StedalGL, Brandenburg.

WolfFN: the Rosslau ML says a Wolf woman married a Hahnhart man in 1766, no origin given for either; by 1767 this couple was in Kutter; Stumpp says the wedding was in 1765 (Mai&Marquardt#978).

WolfFN: said by the Mariental FSL to be fromUC Mainz (no locality mentioned). 

WolfFN{Christoph}: said by the Moor FSL to be fromUC Isenburg (no locality or country indicated).  Not in Kuhlberg.

WolfFN: given as the maiden name of Bott in the 1798 Mueller  census (Mai1798: Ml08).

Wolf FN: said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be fromUC [Hessen-]Darmstadt.  For 1798 see Mai1798: Nm30,44.

WolfFN: said by the Norka FSL to be the orphaned daughter of Friedrich Wolf living in the Staerkel household.  I could not find her in the 1798 Volga censuses indx.

WolfFN: said by the Preuss FSL to be fromUC Ateleng(?), Kur Trier.

WolffFN: this woman married Schwab{J.Peter} in 1766 in Buedingen [thence to Schwab] (Mai&Marquardt#461).

WolfFN:  said by the Reinhard FSL to be fromUC Barg?, [Kur-]Brandenburg.  I could not find this family in the 1798 Volga censuses index.

Wolf FN:  the wife was said by the Reinhard FSL to be fromUC [Pfalz-]Zweibruecken [Duchy]. I could not find her in Mai1798.

Wolf{J.Daniel}FN: said by the Schaefer FSL to be fromUC Kiel, Holstein[-Gorttorp Duchy].  I could not find them in Mai1798.

Wolf{J.DanielFN: the wife was said by the Schaefer FSL to be fromUC Sulzbach, Kurpfalz.

Wolf{Johann}FN: said by the Schaefer FSL to be fromUC Breslau, Schlesien.  For a possible 1798 entry see Mai1798:Sf13?

WolfFN: said by the Stahl-am-Tarlyk FSL to be fromUC Esnich?, Daenemark [Kingdom].  I could not find members of this family in  Mai1798.

Wolf FN: said by the Warenburg FSL to be fromUC Kaduk?, Erbach [County].  I could not find them in Mai1798.

Wolff/Wueff{Margaretha}: married Jaeckel{Friedrich}28 May 1765 in Rosslau (Mai&Marquardt#852 & KS136).  KS165 had Wueff.  Not found in any later source.

Wolff{Margareta}FN: said by the Buedingen ML to be the orphaned daughter of {J.Heinrich}fromUC [Isenburg-Philippseich County?] who married Appel{Michael} in 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#571) ; they were not identified in any FSL or in Kuhlberg.  KS:118 says she was from Neu-Isenburg near Offenbach.

WolfFN: this family name was found recorded in Schlitz marriage records 1762-1767 and in Schotten parish records for many generations prior to 1767, and in 1700s Berstadt parish records; see Flegel trip.

WolfFN: also see Wulf.

WolfGL: an unidentified place said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to a Soring family.  Kuhlberg said this was in Hessen.  This probably was the same place as the next entry.

WolfGL, Isenburg-Buedingen County: is 1.5 miles NW of Buedingen city.   Bonner proved this the baptism place of the Bingel and Gruen men, as well as frau Gruen and frau Lutz/Lotz (both nee Hart), all of whom immigrated to Balzer.  There was a Gropp{Johannes} orphan living in the Gruen household in the Balzer FSL.   Bonner also proved it where both Herr Gruen and frau Guren (nee Hart) were baptized; this couple settled in Kutter.  And he proved it to be where frau Jaekel (nee Sorberger) was baptized; this couple settled in Moor.  Dr. Ruth Schultz proved this was home to a Gruen-Greiss couple, Norka first settlers.

WolfartFN: said by the Kano FSL to be fromUC [Anhalt-]Zerbst [Principality] (no locality mentioned).    Spelled Wolfhart and Wolfert in 1798 (Mai1798:Kn27,35).

WolfenGL, Sachsen: this city is 11 miles S of Dessau city.

WolfenbuettelGL:  said by the Kano FSL to be homeUC to a Hesse family.  This probably was in Brunswick Duchy some 7 miles S of Brunswick city.

Wolfenhausen, [Wied-]Runkel [County]: is 10 km ESE of Runkel town and 11 km SSE of Weilburg city.  One source says 42 residents migrated in 1766 to Russia.   It was said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to Bien?, Bretter, Gilau{Christian},  Gilau{Johannes}, Just,  Klamm{Ludwig}, Krickau, and Nickel{Wilhelm} families and probably Gilau{J.Georg & A.Maria}.  Said by KS124 to be homeUC to the Clumm{Moritz} family which I have been unable to find in any published FSL or in Mai1798.

WolfenshausenGL: an unidentified place said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to a Steinhauer man.  In addition to the next entry, there was a Wolfenshausen, probably in Wuerttemberg Duchy, 6 km W of Rottenburg town.

Wolffenborn: see Wolferborn.

WolferFN: arrived in South Russia in 1819; later settled in Gueldendorf, Odessa; family records found by Curt Renz in Bonlanden, Stuttgart parish, Wuerttemberg.

Wolferborn/WolfferbornGL, Isenburg[-Birstein County?]: is some 4.5 miles NE of Buedingen. Bonner found that a Schlegel/ Schleuchert{Johannes}, the same name as the man who married the Goetz woman in Luebeck and settled in Balzer (FSL #101) was baptized here.  Said by the Buedingen ML to be homeUC to a Frick man who married a Loos woman in 1766; the family later went to Huck (Mai&Marquardt#614).  Bonner proved that the Roeder man who went to Messer was born here in 1726.  The Buedingen ML says this was homeUC to Boehm{Margaretha} who married an Alt man in 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#462).  The Buedingen ML says this was homeUC to the Plonquet woman who married the Bill man in 1766 [thence to Schwab] (Mai&Marquardt#462). In the Wolferborn parish records I found records that probably belong to the Engel(Wolferborn), Faust(Wolferborn and Bindsachsen), Hix(Wolferborn), Kirchner(Wolferborn), Neumann(Wolferborn), Schneider(Wolferborn), Stuertz(Wolferborn) and Wigand/Wigandt/Wiegand(Wolferborn) families that settled in Kutter (Dick Kraus – someone else needs to check them out).

WolfertFN: see Wolfart.

WolffFN: see Wolf.

Wolffanger{Jacob}FN: said by the Seelmann FSL to be fromUC Landau, Elsass.  I did not locate them or any descendants in Mai1798.

Wolffanger{M.Kathatina}FN: said by the Seelmann FSL to be fromUC Stuttgart, Wuerttemberg [Duchy].  I did not locate her or any descendants in Mai1798.

Wolfferborn GL: see Wolferbornb. [Isenburg-Buedingen? County]: 

WolfgangFN: said by the Seewald FSL to be fromUC Pischeldorf, Pfalz.

Wolfgang, Hanau [County]: is 3 km SE of Hanau city centre and was said by the Warenburg FSL to be homeUC to an Eberhardt  family. 

WolfhagenGL: said by the Orlovskaya FSL to be homeUC to a Goetz family. Kuhlberg said this was in the state of Kassel so it must be the same place as the next entry.

WolfhagenGL, Hessen-Kassel: is some 12 miles W of Kassel city, and said by the Dinkel FSL to be homeUC to a Walter family.

WolfhartFN: see Wolfart.

WolfsheimGL, Frankreich: an unidentified place said by the Dinkel FSL to be homeUC to a Raab family.  The Buedingen ML says this man married a Michel woman in 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#497). This might be Wolfisheim some 4 miles W of Strasbourg.

WolfskehlenGL, [Hessen-Darmstadt Landgraviate]: is 11 miles NW of Darmstadt city centre, and was home to the Burck woman who married Amann in Gundernhausen in 1756 (Gieg1).

WolfsoeldenGL, Backnang [Amt], Wuerttemberg: is some 4 miles SW of Backnang city, and was said to have been the homeUC of the brother of the Eichholz who went to Glueckstal.

Wolkenstein, Bamberg [Bishopric]: is 18 miles SE of Bamberg city, and said by a Woehrd ML to be homeUC to Lauchner, who settled in Hoelzel (Mai&Marquardt#818).

WolkowoVV: a variation of the Russian name for SchaffhausenVV.

WollendorfFN: see Fallendorf.

Wollert FN: see Volert.

WollishofenUC, Zuerich [Amt], Schweis: is now a neighborhood in southern Zuerich city, and is suspected by the GCRA as homeUC to the Stotz wife of Keller{J.Jakob} of Glueckstal; see their book for detail.

WollmannFN: said by the Straub FSL to be step-sons in the Winter household.   Spelled Wohlmann in 1798 (Mai1798:Sr15).

Wollmar?GL: said by the Mueller FSL to be homeUC to a Knobloch family.  Mai and Marquardt say the place name reads Valme (510).  Kuhlman gives the state as Riedesel.  There is a Wollmar some 11 miles NNW of Marburg an der Lahn.  There is a Valme some 23 miles NW of that Wollmar.

WolmarGL, Livland: is now called Valmiera, Latvia, some 63 miles NE of Riga city.  Said by the Jost FSL to be homeUC to a Brenner and possibly to a Meier family.

WolskojeVV: a variation of the Russian name for KukkusVV.

Wolter?FN: said by the Paulskaya FSL to be fromUC Alsfeld with a Seiftenberg step-son living in the household.  In 1798 the family name was spelled Walter (Mai1798:Pl31).

WolterFN: said by the Paulskaya FSL to be fromUC Pilow? with two orphan Gonohorn? boys in the household.

Wolter: filed amongst the Walter folk.

Wolteriche{Bostilla/Butila}: wife of Diederich{August} and mother of their daughter {Catarina Elisabet.} daughter of and his (Mai&Marquardt#1332).  They arrived in Russia on 25 July 1766 when the surname was given as Dietrich and her forename as {Bupspel}(Kulberg2564).  Not found in T.  By September 1767 they had settled in Frank FSL #106 which said he was fromUC Koenigsberg, Prussia and gave her forename as {Butila}.

Womtag(?)GL, Laubach: an unidentified place said by the Pleve version of the Jagodnaja Polyjana FSL to be homeUC to a Baum family.  Kromm thinks this may be Lombach, Wuerttemberg, or Mohnbach, Hanau County.

WonderFN: see Bender.

WormsBV: a southern Russian German village near Odessa.  Destination of the Pfaff family which  Judy Remmick proved to have originated in Imsbach, Rheinpfalz.

WormsFN: said by the Grimm FSL to be fromUC Laubach (no locality mentioned). Also spelled Werm.

WormsGS: in the 1760’s there were two countries called Worms and the various FSL do not give enough information to identify which is referred to.  One was the city itself which is some 36.8 miles SSW of Frankfurt-am-Main and was then an Imperial City, i.e. an independent country with its own lands with villages and towns, some separated from the city. The other was the Worms Bishopric which controlled even more lands with villages and towns, scattered out in all directions from the city except due W and NW. These lands were surrounded by Kurpfalz lands in all directions except N where Hessen-Darmstadt lands lay.  None of the following references mentioned any locality:  Said   by the Dietel FSL to be homeUC to a Urich family.  Said   by the Goebel FSL to be homeUC to a Kasson and perhaps a Frick family. Said   by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be homeUC to a Meier family.   Said   by the Koehler FSL to be homeUC to Preis, Warle and possibly Hermann families.  Said   by the Kukkus FSL to be homeUC to a Heiland family.  Said   by the Merkel FSL to be homeUC to a Becker family.  Said   by the Volmer FSL to be home to Eter?, Gertner/Gaertner, and Graf families.

WormsGL, Hessen-Darmstadt: is some 20 miles SW of Darmstadt city.  Worms had passed to the control of Hessen-Darmstadt in 1815 and the city was an Amt administrative center.

Worms, Kurpfalz (sic): said by the Reinhard FSL to be homeUC to frau Efermann? and to frau Rasch.  Neither of the two Worms countries (see above) were in the mid 1700s a part of Kurpfalz.

WormsbecherFN: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be fromUC Friedenwald, Marburg.

Woronesch: see Riebensdorf.

Worster{Peter and Kaspar}: this father and son listed in the 1775 Schilling census are likely among the Schilling first settlers.

WoydFN: see Voit.

Wreschen Kreis, Posen Department, Warsaw Duchy: nka Wrzesnia, Poland, 28 miles ESE of Posen.

WRG: see Walter Research Group.

Wriezen: Kulberg63 said this was homeUC to Flemming{Friedrich+w+5c}.

Wriezen, Prussia; nka Frankfurter Vorstadt, Brandenburg 34 miles from Berlin city centre; the GCRA said it was near Berlin and that the Torno family which came from there was not related to the one that settled in the Glueckstal colonies.

Wud{Elisabeth}: the Goebel FSL (#11) names her as  wife of  Gossmann/Kossman{Johannes/J.Michael} who was a first settler in Goebel FSL #11.   She was likely his 2nd wife.

Wueff: go to Wulff.

WuenschFN: said by the Galka FSL to be fromUC Pappenheim  [Barony].   Spelled Wunsch in 1798 (Mai1798:Fk34, 45, 57).  The Buedingen ML said this Wunsch man married in 1766 a Weisheim woman (Mai&Marquardt#402). The 1798 Galka census gave her maiden name as Weigand (Mai1798:Gk34).

Wuerffel FN: see Werfel.

Wuerschel FN: see Werfel.

WuertingenGL, Reutlingen [Amt], Wuerttemberg: is some 6.5 miles SE of Reutlingen city, and was erroneously said by the 1816 Glueckstal census to be homeUC to the Werner family.

Wuertsburg PrincipalityGS: in Bavaria; see Wuerzburg Principality.

WuerttembergGS: a major German Duchy (Herzogtum Wuerttemberg) in the 1760’s whose seat was Stuttgart and which was later a Kingdom 1806-1919.  No locality was mentioned in any of the following references.  Said by the Belowescher Kolonien FSL to be homeUC to a Messer family.  Said (no locality indicated) by the Stumpp supplement to the Dietel FSL to be homeUC to Kremrer?, Meyer, and Pikert families.  Said by the Doenhof FSL to be homeUC to Altergot, Bendel, Fink, Kestle?, Legler[from Weiler-an-der-Zaber, Brackenheim, Neckar, Wuerttemberg], Meier, Schaefer, Schulz, Schwartzkopf, Ulrich, Wiedemann and possibly Lange families.  Said by KS:476 to be homeUC to the Walth family said to have gone toUC Glueckstal.  Said by the Grimm FSL to be homeUC  to Scherer and Strecker families. Said  by KS:463 to be homeUC to the Schmid{J.Georg) and Tippel families that settled in Kassel.  Said by Kulberg to be homeUC to these families: Detter{Martin+w+5c}228, Fischer{Michael+wife}173, Kegele{Christoph+w+4c}26, Merz{Marzel}62 single, Reiner{Jacob+w+1c}40, Rittmann{Georg+w+3c}223.  Said by the Kutter FSL to be homeUC to a Heinz family. Said by the Messer FSL to be homeUC to Roesler and Schmidt families. Said by the Neidermonjou FSL to be homeUC to a Tochtermann family.  Said by the Reinwald FSL to be homeUC  to frau Fischer{Michael} and to frau Karp{Philipp}.  Said by the Rosenheim FSL to be homeUC to a Schaffler family.Said by the Stahl-am-Karaman FSL to be homeUC of the Treger family.  Said by Leisle family research to be homeUC to a Leisel/Leiser family (of Warenburg colony in 1798) and to a possibly Gib/Heib family.  Said by Kuhlberg to be home to the Kraft boys who were stepsons in the Warenburg Uhl household.

Wuerttemberg [Duchy]: said by EEE, no locality indicated, to be homeUC to Zoller{David} who first settled in a German colony in Denmark and later in Neu-Saratowka colony in Russia.

WuerttembergerFN: said by the Kolb FSL to be fromUC Oberdarmstadt, Hessen-Darmstadt.

WuertzFN{A.Maria}:  this widow of {J.Georg} was said by the Pleve version of the Jagodnaja Poljana FSL (#55) to be fromUC Nidda. Said by the Kromm version variously said they fromUC Eichelsdorf, Nidda [Amt], or fromUC Ober Lais, Nidda [Amt], or fromUC Burkhards or Eichelsachsen, both in Schotten [Amt]. 

WuertzFN{Wilhelm}: said by the Norka FSL to be fromUC Isenburg (no locality mentioned).  In 1798 the family name was spelled Wertz and the wife’s maiden name was given as Hohlmann (Mai1798:Nr174 and 83).

 

WuertzFN: also see Wert, Werth, Wertz, Werz, Wirth, Wurth, and Wurst.

Wuervel FN: see Werfel.

WuerzFN{Ziborius}: said by the Boregard FSL to be fromUC Semmerdinger?, and the frau’s maiden name was given as Zeiser with a Zeiser? stepdaughter living in the household.  I could not find the Wuerz family in the 1798 Volga censuses.

WuerzFN{Peter}: said by the Schuck FSL (#8) to be fromUC Speyer, Bruehl.

Wuerzberg, Erbach County: 4 miles ESE of Erbach city, was the birthplace of the Olt man who married in Rimhorn and then immigrated to Frank (Gieg1).

WuerzburgGS [Bishopric] is 60 miles SW of Frankfurt-am-Main.  Until 1803 the city was the seat of a very large principality/bishopric of the same name, so the reference is more often likely to be to the Bishopric.  In 1805 it became a secular Grand Duchy and in 1814 it was annexed by the Kingdom of Bavaria.  In all the following references no locality was mentioned.  Said by the Belowescher Kolonien FSL to be homeUC to Helwig, Imgrant, Lecher/Leher/Laeher, and Retzel families.  Said by the Boregard FSL to be homeUC to the Schmidt{Caspar} family.  Said by the Cheisol FSL to be homeUC to Werner{Johannes and Christoph}.  Said  by the Doenhof FSL to be homeUC to Beier, Engelhardt, Mechwart?, and Siebenlist[from BurgSinn, Thuengen?] families. Said by the Franzosen FSL to be homeUC to Steinpress{Friedrich}.  Said by the Graf FSL to be homeUC to Merker[Maerker], Weinberg, and probably Hein families.  Said by the Kamenka FSL to be homeUC to Getzel/Hoetzel/Hetzel/Getsel and Rump families. Said by the Koehler FSL to be homeUC to Lechner and possibly Ganz families.  Said by Kulberg to be home to the following families: Brant/Brandt{Borgard+w+3c}108 Catholic, Ecksler{Johann+w+2)97 Catholic , Nuernberger{Valentin+w+4c}118 Catholic, Stecklein{Peter+w+4}107 Catholic,  Totermann{Bernhard+w}116, Waldheiser{Michael+w+2c}100 Catholic.  Said by the Kutter FSL to be homeUC to Goetz, Jorg?, and Kroll families.  Said by the Leitsinger FSL to be homeUC to Fuchs and Heilmann families.  Said  by the Louis FSL to be homeUC to a Kramm family   Said  by the Mariental FSL to be homeUC to Dillmann, Rizler, Schilling, and Schneider families. Said by the Ober-Monjou FSL to be homeUC to Grenzer/Krentzer and Muench/Mink families,  and possibly to a Burger orphan boy.  Said by the Pfeiffer FSL to be homeUC to Bechert, Dittmaier, Elheim, Fischer, Kappes, Keberlein, Kesner, Kirchner, Konrad, Leth, Lutz, Ramann, Reser, Risch, Schaefer, Schiemer, Schubert, Ulrich, and Ziegler families.   Said  by the Preuss FSL to be home to a Sinsler family. Said by the the Rohleder FSL to be homeUC to an Erler/Erle family as well as to Herr Kaiser, frau Kimmel, and to frau Lechleiter.  Said by the Schuck FSL to be homeUC to a Goettich family and possibly to Kraemer step-childdren.  Said   by the Volmer FSL to be home to a Riegelmann family.

Wuerzenburg: an unidentified country; probably a misspelling of Wuerzburg?

Wuestensachsen, [which was either in the Fulda Bishopric or the Wuerzburg Bisopric 23 km ESE of Fulda city, and 7 km NE of Gersfeld the place from which Bartholomaeus families left to go to Russia.  Margo Sherer found records here of Bartholmess{Hans} who died here before 1690 when his son{Heinrich} who married Richter{Eva}.

Wuestin{Christina}: Danish records say she lived in the Beideck{J.Michael} household in Colony G9 “Christiansholm”, Amt Gottorf (EEE:352, for more detail see this).

Wukert?FN{Heinrich}: said by the Balzer FSL to be fromUC Isenburg (no country or locality identified).  Spelled Wukert in 1798 (Mai1798:Bz110, 105).

WulfFN: said by the Brabander FSL to be fromUC Belingen, Kurpfalz. For 1798 check Wolf and Wolfe.

WulfFN{Peter}: Lutheran from Suederstapel, Stapelholm, Schleswig Duchy, was in a German colony in Denmark by January 1765 (EEE p.649). By July 1767 he had settled in Dinkel FSL #22, which said he was fromUC Ziedor(?), Holstein. said by the Dinkel FSL to be.  May later have been spelled Wolf.

WulfFN: said by the Ober-Monjou FSL to be fromUC Merdershein?.

Wulff{Dorathea E. Christina}: was godparent at the 11 July 1764 baptism in Luebeck of  Bartholl {Engel Dorathea} daughter of {Baltzer} who settled in Balzer as headman (Mai&Marquardt#1330).

Wulff{Jacob}: a godparent at the 23 June 1766 Luebeck baptism of the son of Fritzler{J.Gottfried} and Bergmann wife {M.Elisabeth} (Mai&Marquardt#1304).  Not found in Kuhlberg or in T.

WunderFN: see Bender.

Wunderlich{A.Maria}: married Hahn{Ludwig} in Buedingen in March 1766 . They were recorded in the Beideck 1775 census #2 (Mai&Marquardt#368). 

WunderlichFN: said by the Belowescher Kolonien FSL to be fromUC Anspach (no locality mentioned).  Buedingen parish records say this man fromUC Waldstaedten was a god-parent in 1766 (Mai&Marquardt#1202).

WunderlichFN: said by the Goebel FSL to be fromUC Johannesberg, Kurmainz and his wife to have been an Unkelbach.

Wunderlich{Sara}: according to Danish records this former maid of Reichert/Reichard{Georg} married Breiniger/BreuningerFN{Johann Friederich/Jacob Friedrich} about 1762 in or near Flensburg, Schleswig Royal Duchy  (EEE  p.363, for more detail see that).   They settled in Holstein FSL #17.

WunderlichFN: said by the Mariental FSL to be fromUC Neuburg, Kurpfalz. 

Wunderlich{Johannes}: said by the Recruiter Beauregard list to have come fromUC Haigerseelbach? (Lk127).  For 1767 see T5239-5243.  In 1798 a daughter {M.Katharina} was listed in Niedermonjou even she was said actually to be on the Caucasian Line (Mai1798:Nm59); they have not been found in any FSL and no earlier colony is indicated, so they may well have been among the Niedermonjou first settlers.

WunschFN: see Wuensch.

Wunsiedel, Bayreuth [Margraviate]: is 31 km ENE of Bayreuth city and was said by the Straub FSL to be homeUC to a Prenzig family.

WurmFN: see Worms.

WurseckFN: said by the Katharinenstadt FSL to be fromUC Daenemark (no locality mentioned).

WurstFN{Johann}: said by the Boregard FSL to be fromUC Wittenrot? and in 1768 went to Naeb colony.

WurstFN{J.Heinrich}: said by the Huck FSL to have died and left two orphan sons who live in the Rein{Ludwig} household, he being said to have come fromUC Isenburg (no locality or country indicated).  Not listed in Kuhlberg.

WurthFN: also see Werth, Werz, and Wirth.

WurtzFN: this family name was found recorded in Schotten parish records for many generations prior to 1767; see Flegel trip.

WurtzpurgGS: as given in a Luebeck ML, this surely refers to lands held by the Arch-bishop-Dukes of Wuerzburg who held lands bordering the Thuengen Barony in the Sinn River valley.

WurzingerFN: listed by the 1816 Glueckstal census (KS:672, 492) with no origin.  One source gave Weissbach near Heilbronn as their origin, but GCRA proved that an error.  See their book for more detail.

Wyskitten Revier, Pabianice, South Prussia: the GCRA thinks this is another name for Hochweiler near Lodz.

 

Index

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A Ann Ba

Bea

Ber Bid
Bok Bre C
Da Den Do
Ea Em Fa
Fo Ga Gi
Gn Gr Ha
He Hel Hi
Ho I J
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Ma Me Mi
Na Ni O
Pa Pf Q
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Ta Ti U
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