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German Russian Villages History
On December 4, 1762, Catherine the Great issued a Manifesto inviting Western Europeans to settle in Russia. However, it was her second Manifesto of July 22, 1763, which offered transportation to Russia, religious and political autonomy, and land that incited many Western Europeans, mostly Germans, to migrate to Russia.
The first wave of migration occurred in the Volga River region beginning in 1764. By the late 1760s, some isolated settlements were already founded in South Russia. Hutterites first settled in Russia in 1770 and Mennonites began to settle in Russia by 1789. Settlements in the Bessarabian and Black Sea regions were being established in the early nineteenth century.
German Settlements & Resettlements
In the mid-nineteenth century, the areas of Volhynia, Crimea, and the Caucasus were being settled by Germans. Beginning in the late nineteenth century and continuing into the first decade of the 1900s, settlements were being founded by Germans in Siberia. Russia had a population of approximately 1.8 million Germans at the end of the nineteenth century.
There were about 3,500 German villages in Russia before 1941 when the Soviet authorities issued a decree resulting in a forced evacuation of the villages and resettlement of villagers to Siberia and the Asiatic Republics (Kazakhstan).
Search German Russian Villages
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Kassel (Glückstal enclave)
- Other Names & Spellings
- Cassel, Komarovka, Komarowka
- Earliest known year of German habitation
- Year founded
- Settlement Type
- Current Place Name
- Velykokomarivka, Odessa Oblast, Ukraine
- Current Country
- This was the second site of Kassel (see Alt-Kassel). The first was abandoned due to flooding and lack of water. The southern part of the colony was the first to move to this new site. For a short time it was called Neu Kassel. A daughter colony, also called Neu Kassel, was established in 1865. The Kassel Lutheran parish was established in 1851, separating from the Glückstal parish. A Reformed congregation was also formed in 1861 as a part of the Neudorf Reformed parish.
— Google Maps, Google, accessed June 21, 2017, https://www.google.com/maps/place/Velykokomarivka,+Odessa+Oblast,+Ukraineemail@example.com,29.6306949,4126m/data=!3m2!1e3!4b1!4m13!1m7!3m6!1s0x0:0x0!2zNDfCsDA1JzM0LjgiTiAyOcKwMzgnNTAuNiJF!3b1!8m2!3d47.093!4d29.6474!3m4!1s0x40c93cdb661d4ab3:0x71396dd969b97698!8m2!3d47.0913512!4d29.6477464?hl=en
— Global Gazetteer, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc., accessed June 21, 2017, http://www.fallingrain.com/world/UP/17/Velykokomarivka.html
— "German-Russian Handbook," Ulrich Mertens (2010), Germans from Russia Heritage Collection (GRHC) Publications, https://hdl.handle.net/10365/32028, p. 426
— "The Glückstalers in New Russia and North America: A Bicentennial Collection of History, Genealogy and Folklore," Homer Rudolf, editor (2004), p.105-114.
— "Kherson," The Imperiia Project, accessed 23 August 2021, https://imperiia.omeka.fas.harvard.edu/document/701.