AHSGR invites you to search German Russian Villages by Region, Province, Colony Group, Village Coordinator, Village, or Keyword.
German Russian Villages History
On December 4, 1762, Catherine the Great issued a Manifesto inviting Western Europeans to settle in Russia. However, it was her second Manifesto of July 22, 1763, which offered transportation to Russia, religious and political autonomy, and land that incited many Western Europeans, mostly Germans, to migrate to Russia.
The first wave of migration occurred in the Volga River region beginning in 1764. By the late 1760s, some isolated settlements were already founded in South Russia. Hutterites first settled in Russia in 1770 and Mennonites began to settle in Russia by 1789. Settlements in the Bessarabian and Black Sea regions were being established in the early nineteenth century.
German Settlements & Resettlements
In the mid-nineteenth century, the areas of Volhynia, Crimea, and the Caucasus were being settled by Germans. Beginning in the late nineteenth century and continuing into the first decade of the 1900s, settlements were being founded by Germans in Siberia. Russia had a population of approximately 1.8 million Germans at the end of the nineteenth century.
There were about 3,500 German villages in Russia before 1941 when the Soviet authorities issued a decree resulting in a forced evacuation of the villages and resettlement of villagers to Siberia and the Asiatic Republics (Kazakhstan).
Search German Russian Villages
Some villages and regions have more focused research than others – the result of the interest and activity of people working to learn about “their” village or region. AHSGR volunteers serve as Village Coordinators (VCs) to coordinate research for individual villages. If you have questions, please don’t hesitate to find and contact a Village Coordinator for help. Look for more available Villages information or items in our Online Store!
- Other Names & Spellings
- Сарепта-на-Волге, Krasnoarmeysk
- German Origins
- Saxony, Germany
- Earliest known year of German habitation
- Year founded
- Settlement Type
- Current Place Name
- Old Sarepta, Volgograd Oblast, Russia
- Current Country
- Founded 3 September 1765 by Herrnhutt Brethren (the Moravians) from Saxony in Germany. The textile industry emerged here and extended along the Volga River. Famous for growing and cultivating mustard (Brassica juncea), viniculture, silk and wool weaving mills. 1500 German residents in 1905. The location given on the map places the pin in front of the church and has been confirmed by Vladimir Kakorin, a photographer and researcher who has visited and photographed the area.
— Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Pimary German Villages of the Volga Region (Map Three), side b, Germans from Russia Heritage Collection.
— Google Maps, Google, accessed March 9, 2018, https://www.google.com/maps/place/Old+Sarepta,+Volgograd+Oblast,+Russia,+email@example.com,44.5020781,2910m/data=!3m1!1e3!4m5!3m4!1s0x41052f727d27a605:0x7dc3ccef7e8ad2d7!8m2!3d48.519444!4d44.5108329
— Global Gazetteer, Falling Rain Genomics, Inc., accessed March 9, 2018, http://www.fallingrain.com/world/RS/84/Sarepta.html
— "German-Russian Handbook," Ulrich Mertens (2010), Germans from Russia Heritage Collection (GRHC) Publications, https://hdl.handle.net/10365/32028, p. 646
— Sarepta, The Volga Germans, accessed 28 August 2021, https://www.volgagermans.org/who-are-volga-germans/settlements/other-settlements/sarepta
— "Astrakhan," The Imperiia Project, accessed 23 August 2021, https://imperiia.omeka.fas.harvard.edu/document/728.